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Faculty Scholarship

Publications, working papers, performance programs, and other materials that document that scholarly and creative accomplishments of Grinnell College faculty and staff.

grinnell:11682
Ferguson, William D.
This paper addresses implicit bargaining power within employment relationships using a versatile model of labor market segmentation that combines labor discipline, performance pay, insider power, and fair wage principles. In the primary sector, fair wage comparisons, firm-specific human capital, and less perfect monitoring engender bilateral bargaining power, yielding high compensation, sometimes including a bonus. Secondary-sector employers exert unilateral bargaining power, via credible dismissal threats with no replacement costs, and offer no bonuses. Differential determinates of implicit bargaining power can potentially explain various phenomena, including nominal wage rigidity, union wage differentials, job-specific wage differentials, and gender or race-based wage differentials.

grinnell:11656
Ferguson, William D.
Undergraduate economics lags behind cutting-edge economic theory. The author briefly reviews six related advances that profoundly extend and deepen economic analysis: game-theoretic modeling, collective-action problems, information economics and contracting, social preference theory, conceptualizing rationality, and institutional theory. He offers suggestions for incorporating these into the undergraduate classes at various levels. He argues that game-theoretic representation of collective action problems offers a unifying framework, on par with supply and demand, for political economy. Blending in the other developments deepens our micro-level understanding of internal and external contract enforcement, with implications on nonclearing markets, power, and distribution. At the macro level, these concepts illuminate the role of institutions in economic development and long-term growth. Undergraduate curricula should incorporate these new approaches.

grinnell:11646
Ferguson, William D.; Nguyen, Trang Kieu
We provide a theoretical foundation for analyzing how social stigma and adopted behavioral traits affect the transmission of HIV across a population. We combine an evolutionary game-theoretic model—based on a relationship signaling stage game—with the SIR (susceptible-infected-recovered) model of disease transmission. Our evolutionary model specifies how two types of social stigma—that which accompanies an HIV+ condition and that which follows associating with an HIV+ partner—influence behavioral propensities to honestly report one’s condition (or not) and to unconditionally accept relationships (or not). With respect to reporting an HIV+ condition, we find that condition stigma impedes the fitness of honest reporting, whereas association stigma impedes the relative fitness of concealing an HIV+ condition; and both propensities can coexist in a polymorphic equilibrium. By linking our model to the SIR model, we find that condition stigma unambiguously enhances disease transmission by discouraging both honest reporting and a society’s acceptance of AIDS education, whereas association stigma has an ambiguous impact: on one hand it can impede HIV transmission by discouraging concealing behavior and unconditional relationship acceptance, but it also compromises a society’s acceptance of AIDS education. Our relatively simple evolutionary/SIR model offers a foundation for numerous theoretical extensions—such as applications to social network theory—as well as foundation for many testable empirical hypotheses.

grinnell:13254
Fischer, Allison; Liu, Mouchen; Paulhus, Jennifer
The size of the automorphism group of a compact Riemann surface of genus g > 1 is bounded by 84(g-1). Curves with automorphism group of size this bound are called Hurwitz curves. In many cases the automorphism group of these curves is the projective special linear group PSL(2,q). We present a decomposition of the Jacobian varieties for all curves of this type and prove that no such Jacobian variety is simple.

grinnell:5074
Fyffe, Richard
The systems we use to record, communicate, and safeguard knowledge and experience – including our increasingly distributed and coordinated systems of curation – themselves increase complexity and risk, which will not be reduced, overall, by new or additional knowledge or technology. We must be careful not to overestimate what we think we know about the functioning of these complex systems, or to extrapolate too confidently from current trends.

grinnell:5075
Fyffe, Richard
Scholarly communication, in addition to referring to the disciplinary practices that structure the dissemination of scholarly knowledge, has become shorthand for two meanings: on the one hand, it refers to an analytic "author/reader" framework that seeks critical understanding of the entire life cycle of scholarly knowledge and the connected roles of researchers, teachers, students, funders, libraries, publishers, and other kinds of agencies in the creation, dissemination, critique, reuse, and preservation of knowledge. On the other hand, it embraces a public policy advocacy framework that critically examines the economic and legal relationships that constrain or facilitate the creation and flow of scholarly knowledge, urging recognition that knowledge is a kind of commons, with each discovery or innovation dependent on the accomplishments of earlier scholars. Despite the strong connections between the scholarly communications reform movement and research universities and research libraries, the economic, technological, and cultural changes under way in scholarly publishing affect many types of higher education institutions. Liberal arts colleges and their libraries also have a deep stake in the availability of scholarly literature and active engagement in efforts to illuminate and reform the scholarly publishing system, and have actively contributed to the movement. Many of the open access initiatives associated with the scholarly communication reform movement are directly relevant to the inquiry-based pedagogy characteristic of liberal arts college education.

grinnell:6527
Fyffe, Richard
This paper is a critical reconstruction of Luciano Floridi’s view of librarianship as “stewardship of a semantic environment,” a view that is at odds with the dominant tradition in which library and information science (LIS) is understood as social epistemology. Floridi’s work helps to explain the normative dimensions of librarianship in ways that epistemology does not, and his Philosophy of Information frames librarians’ traditional stewardship role in terms appropriate for our growing involvement in the management and preservation of information through its entire life cycle. Floridi’s work also helps illuminate what is coming to be called “knowledge as a commons.” Librarianship is concerned with maintaining and enhancing information environments over time, environments that include the behavior of the people who create and use them. The integrity of these environments makes possible the epistemic projects of faculty, students, and other researchers, but librarianship is not, itself, epistemological. Floridi’s ecological reframing of philosophy of information and information ethics, bridging the dichotomy between information and user, has a variety of implications for information literacy education and other academic library services in higher education. Citation: portal: Libraries and the Academy, Volume 15, Number 2, April 2015, pp. 267-286

grinnell:3474
Gaub, Eugene.
Program for concerts on Sept. 28, 2006; Nov. 9, 2006; Feb. 1, 2007; March 15, 2007.

grinnell:3597
Gaub, Nancy McFarland.; Gaub, Eugene.
Program for the faculty recital on November 30, 2006.

grinnell:3408
Geller, Theresa.
Discusses the ways in which the television series Twin Peaks is an example of Postmodern Television which calls on viewers for more engagement

grinnell:3406
Geller, Theresa.
Examines the characterization of the tough chick in the action genre and the narrative function she performs.

grinnell:3412
Geller, Theresa.
Explores the ways Deleuze's philosophy of the cinema provides concepts that produce a new image of feminist thought in general.

grinnell:3407
Geller, Theresa.
Discusses the connections between Maya Deren's film Meshes of the Afternoon and her role within the history of the American avant-garde.

grinnell:3402
Geller, Theresa.
Discusses film theorist Jean-Francois Lyotard's view of fantasy in film.

grinnell:3387
Geller, Theresa.
Hayashi Kaizo's The Most Terrible Time in My Life in Film Noir

grinnell:3386
Geller, Theresa.
Maya Deren has reemerged as a key auteur of the twentieth century in film art.

grinnell:3404
Geller, Theresa.
Explores how I Am Love, by Italian film director, Luca Guadagnino exemplifies feminist autonomist thought.

grinnell:3405
Geller, Theresa.
Examines the film philosophy of Fèlix Guattari through his writings and interviews. Paper presented at the Society for Cinema and Media Studies Conference Panel, Philosophy and the Moving Image. New Orleans, March 2011.

grinnell:3409
Geller, Theresa.
Explores the history of the feminist movement in the Twentieth Century through the lens of film history.

grinnell:3403
Geller, Theresa.
Examines the trans/affect of Lady Gaga’s carefully scripted display of the Jo Calderone persona in both his interview and fashion spread in Vogue Hommes Japan.

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