Student Scholarship

Selected academic work created by students at Grinnell College, including research papers, research posters, creative work, and related materials. Mentored Advanced Projects provide students opportunity to work closely with a faculty member on scholarly research or the creation of a work of art. The Frederick Baumann Prize was established in 1993 and funded by David '51 and Audrey Lowe '52 Hammer. It honors Frederick Baumann, professor of history at Grinnell from 1927 to 1954, and is awarded each spring to the student who writes the best interdisciplinary and historical essay on the general topic of "Ideas and Society."

This data set consists of nearly 6,400 control points georeferencing 31 historical maps (1831-1927)

Diaries are literary sirens, enticing readers to furtively open them and learn all their writers’ secrets to understand them as deeply as the diary does itself. However, despite popular conception, diaries are not meant to be secret and left unread; for if someone has taken the care to save the moments of a life and protect them across time and distance, perhaps they deserve to be read. Diaries exist as a marginal form of literary expression, both limited and freed by the social orders that act upon their writers. All the tensions that are impressed upon the diarist extend onto their diaries; furthermore, diaries are written with a specific intent and readership in mind which increasingly controls the content of a diary. I have added to the conversation about the role of diary readership by emphasizing that the intended audience are not the only readers of the diary: an inheriting readership, separated from the writer through time and often distance, eventually picks up the diary as well. The temporal separation causes a gap of understanding between the inheriting readers and the diarist, a space that these readers must navigate in order to fully contextualize the diary. I located dozens of local diaries before selecting two to demonstrate these gaps, as well as to analyze them through pre-existing diary theory. Lucile Hink’s Great Depression diary and Eliza Ann Bartlett’s pioneer diary share many traits of rural farmsteading and life in Grinnell during economic constraints, creating an ideal set to analyze and to demonstrate the traditions of diary-keeping practices across swaths of history.

This comic tells the story of one of my case studies, Bill Fujimoto, a Japanese-American food retailer. Berkeley-based Fujimoto was the first person to source locally grown and specialty produce for Alice Waters’ revolutionary California Cuisine restaurant Chez Panisse when it opened.

The Fortunes of Grenceaster" is a collaborative work of historical fiction created by the students in the Grinnell 1st year Tutorial "Old English Re-Imagined,"

The relationship between casting and race has been insufficiently examined in both popular and academic writings on Hollywood.

Afro-Latinidad has gained a lot of popularulty over the last number of years. However, the visibility of Afro-Latinidad does not mean that Afro-Latinxs are being listened to or that thier concerns are being meet. The increased visibility of Afro-Latinidad has actually lead to what i deem the dilution of Afro-Latinidad. In this paper, I highlight the ways Afro-Latinxs respond to the dilution of Afro-Latinidad.

As agriculture industrializes, concentrated animal feeding operations (CAFOs) are becoming more common. Feces from CAFOs is often used as fertilizer on fields. However, little is known about the effects manure has on the soil microbiome, which is an important aspect of soil health and fertility. In addition, due to the subtherapeutic levels of antibiotics necessary to keep the animals healthy, CAFO manure has elevated levels of antibiotic resistant bacteria. Using 16s rRNA high-throughput sequencing and qPCR, this study sought to determine the impact of swine CAFO manure application on both the soil microbiome and abundance of select antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) and mobile element genes (erm(B), erm(C), sul1, str(B), intI1, IncW repA) in agricultural soil over the fall and spring seasons. We found the manure community to be distinct from the soil community, with a majority of bacteria belonging to Bacteroidetes and Firmicutes. The soil samples had more diverse communities dominated by Acidobacteria, Actinobacteria, Proteobacteria, Verrucomicrobia, and unclassified bacteria. We observed significant differences in the soil microbiome between all time points, except between the spring samples. However, by tracking manure associated taxa, we found the addition of the manure microbiome to be a minor driver of the shift. Of the measured genes, manure application only significantly increased the abundance of erm(B) and erm(C) which remained elevated in the spring. These results suggest bacteria in the manure do not survive well in soil and that ARG dynamics in soil following manure application vary by resistance gene.

In this work, we present measurements of the quenched fractions and quenching timescales of dwarf satellite galaxies in the DC Justice League suite of 4 high-resolution cosmological zoom-in simulations of Milky Way-mass halos.

Examines the attempt by the film Birth of a Nation to shape one's perception of American history and culture.

15 Ink drawings using snow, water, ink, and freezing temperatures on paper.

Preprint, code, and experimental results for the CRV 2021 paper by Chen et al. introducing a z-buffer and negative-depth loss for self-supervised monocular depth prediction

Essay arguing that the United States of America requires democratic renewal and that renewal must take the form of a Third Reconstruction with the goal of rebuilding the United States as a just, open, and plural republic.

“On White Eyes” explores two moments in American history when societal events collided with new modes of visual representation in ways that forced white Americans to pay more attention to their conceptions of race.

This essay investigates the epistemic and physical harms committed against the Adivasis (tribes) of Chhotanagpur by the early postcolonial state.

Through legislation and social code, modern-day Nigeria has become a hostile and dangerous country for queer people. As a queer person of the Nigerian diaspora, I struggle to hold both my “queer” and “Nigerian” identities because they seem contradictory. In this paper, I detail my journey reckoning with these two seemingly dissonant parts of my identity. In my endeavor to find communal belonging in Nigeria and its diaspora, I turn to the archive of pre-colonial Nigeria to discover if the nation of my ancestry was always hostile towards queer people. In particular, I try to uncover the violence British colonialism introduced to Nigeria. In this paper, I draw on the work of Saidiya Hartman to contextualize and guide my research and archivally-driven quest for belonging. As I have matured into myself, I have grappled with the intersections of my Nigerian-American and queer identities. Recently, I learned how Saidiya Hartman's "critical fabulation," a method for being attuned to and coping with archival gaps, can be a tool for survival when multiple realities conflict (Hartman, 2008). I practice critical fabulation in my venture to grapple with my “contradicting” identities by researching and drawing on the history of gender in Nigeria to imagine a more inclusive nation. Further, in this essay, I co-opt W. E. B. Du Bois’ framework of double consciousness to describe the internal conflict I feel regarding the friction between my Nigerian heritage and my queer identity because of the violence modern-day Nigeria inflicts upon queer people (Du Bois, 2007). Throughout this auto-ethnography, I discuss my double consciousness that stems from the intersectional oppressive structures in my life, such as patriarchy, transphobia, and homophobia. Additionally, in this paper, I demonstrate how the act of critical fabulation allows me to reconnect with myself and my (pre-colonial) Nigerian heritage to imagine and create spaces where queer Nigerians and I can belong (Hartman, 2008, p. 11).

The project focused on seven topics around bringing local food into the dining halls: environmental impact, nutrition, dining service logistics, producer logistics, economic impact, student opinion, and local foods at public schools.

Although economists in recent years have begun to apply economic theory to the activities of religious organizations, very few have ventured deeply into the realm of the Roman Catholic Church and almost none have considered the confluence between Internal Labor Market Theory and the promotional job ladder for ordained Catholic clergyman. This analysis explores the implications of the Catholic Church’s internal promotional ladder on its level of theological flexibility and hence its ability to adjust to changing market conditions. Specifically, by treating the Catholic Church as an organization subject to many of the same market forces as ordinary business firms, the research presented in this analysis shows how much of the “crisis” the church is confronting in the modern era—such as the rapid decline in the number of priests—can be explained by microeconomic structures that have developed over the past two millennia. At the broadest level, this analysis offers a new paradigm for viewing resistance to change in the church and provides a model for understanding the long-term implications of inflexibility on the viability of the church as an institution.

Allen, Elizabeth Jane, 1994-; McCall, Timothy John, 1993-; Pham, Mai Phuong, 1995-; Shevelkina, Maria, 1993-; Sly, Dana Brittany, 1992-; Storch, Hannah Lord, 1994-; Vale, Emma Evans, 1992-
"Published on the occasion of the exhibition, "Against reason: anti/enlightenment prints by Callot, Hogarth, Piranesi, and Goya. 3 April-2 August 2015"--Title page verso."

Andelson, Jonathan Gary, 1949-; Mottl, Larissa; Mertaugh, Hilary
A field guide to the natural environment of the Grinnell area.

Anthofer, James E.