Student Scholarship

Selected academic work created by students at Grinnell College, including research papers, research posters, creative work, and related materials. Mentored Advanced Projects provide students opportunity to work closely with a faculty member on scholarly research or the creation of a work of art. The Frederick Baumann Prize was established in 1993 and funded by David '51 and Audrey Lowe '52 Hammer. It honors Frederick Baumann, professor of history at Grinnell from 1927 to 1954, and is awarded each spring to the student who writes the best interdisciplinary and historical essay on the general topic of 'Ideas and Society.'

Digital Bridges to Dance is a collaborative project by Grinnell College professor Celeste Miller, MFA, and Grinnell College students Obuchi Adikema (Class of 2021, Vivero Fellow); Charlotte Richardson-Deppe (Class of 2019); and Naomi Worob (Class of 2019). The objects in this collection include methods for choreographers to collaborate across geographic distance for the purpose of professional artistic development; curriculum for dance-based experiential embodied practices that can be used by choreographers and other artists, classroom teachers, and community leaders; and documentation of the research and creative products of Miller, Adikema, Richardson-Deppe, and Worob.

This collection contains the work made by students in Grinnell’s Studio Art Department. Student work involves a broad range of media from studio courses, which includes: painting, drawing, sculpture, ceramics, print media, digital media, and installation. It also features images from student exhibitions at the Smith Gallery, and the annual Bachelor of Arts Exhibition at the Faulconer Gallery.

Sen Katayama's handwritten senior thesis, written in 1895, and a transcript of the paper created in 2012 by students enrolled in the Japanese 195 course.

Program from concert on December 9, 2006, with works by Ralph Vaughan Williams, Britten, Tormis and Gorecki.

Alumni memories of Grinnell College reveal the importance of social spaces and the centrality of the people at Grinnell to creating a sense of place.

Ashraya Dixit, recipient of a Davis Projects for Peace grant, described the project as a first-time effort to construct straw bale building in the area and help promote low-cost, energy-efficient and earthquake-safe buildings.

This data set is designed for testing the performance of optical character recognition algorithms on text in scanned historical map images. Thirty maps from the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries were chosen from the David Rumsey Map Collection ( Most maps are of individual states, though some are regional and one is of the entire U.S.; most feature little handwritten text. The original MrSid files are converted into uncompressed TIFF images for a manual annotation, stored in XML format. The authors gratefully acknowledge the David Rumsey Map Collection as the source of the map images, which come with the following notice: Images copyright (C) 2000 by Cartography Associates. Images may be reproduced or transmitted, but not for commercial use. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons [Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported] license ( By downloading any images from this site, you agree to the terms of that license.

During Grinnell's earliest days, Alumni Hall rang out with fiery debate. Do we need political parties? Should the death penalty be abolished? For over 60 years, Grinnell College's Literary Societies met to dance, converse, and hold forth on issues that are still pertinent in the 21st century. These groups were the beginning of a tradition that carries on with the impressive number of organized student groups that the campus currently enjoys. Join us as we look back at the Grinnell Literary Societies.

An annotated bibliography developed for an analysis of Bolshevik Feminism looking at whether the legalization of abortion in 1920 had any real impact on the lives of Russian women.

This paper uses Mary Antin's memoir, Promised Land, to examine the issues of a hyphenated identity as a strategy of becoming an American.

The French language in Ferdinand Oyono’s Houseboy reveals the power struggles between the colonizers and the colonized that took place in French West Africa.

Political Islam is frequently defined by only its most general parameters rather than specific Islamist actors.

Sacre quantique (Quantum Rite) a three-movement composition for brass quintet, composed 2018.

Today, Americans are more aware than ever of their food choices—where the food comes from, its locality, how it was produced, and its health quotient. But back in the 1970s, local food movements were largely nonexistent. It was the Japanese Americans living in California who began advocating for local, organic farming—and despite systemic racism, were able to make America better.

Diaries are literary sirens, enticing readers to furtively open them and learn all their writers’ secrets to understand them as deeply as the diary does itself. However, despite popular conception, diaries are not meant to be secret and left unread; for if someone has taken the care to save the moments of a life and protect them across time and distance, perhaps they deserve to be read. Diaries exist as a marginal form of literary expression, both limited and freed by the social orders that act upon their writers. All the tensions that are impressed upon the diarist extend onto their diaries; furthermore, diaries are written with a specific intent and readership in mind which increasingly controls the content of a diary. I have added to the conversation about the role of diary readership by emphasizing that the intended audience are not the only readers of the diary: an inheriting readership, separated from the writer through time and often distance, eventually picks up the diary as well. The temporal separation causes a gap of understanding between the inheriting readers and the diarist, a space that these readers must navigate in order to fully contextualize the diary. I located dozens of local diaries before selecting two to demonstrate these gaps, as well as to analyze them through pre-existing diary theory. Lucile Hink’s Great Depression diary and Eliza Ann Bartlett’s pioneer diary share many traits of rural farmsteading and life in Grinnell during economic constraints, creating an ideal set to analyze and to demonstrate the traditions of diary-keeping practices across swaths of history.

This comic tells the story of one of my case studies, Bill Fujimoto, a Japanese-American food retailer. Berkeley-based Fujimoto was the first person to source locally grown and specialty produce for Alice Waters’ revolutionary California Cuisine restaurant Chez Panisse when it opened.

The relationship between casting and race has been insufficiently examined in both popular and academic writings on Hollywood.

Afro-Latinidad has gained a lot of popularulty over the last number of years. However, the visibility of Afro-Latinidad does not mean that Afro-Latinxs are being listened to or that thier concerns are being meet. The increased visibility of Afro-Latinidad has actually lead to what i deem the dilution of Afro-Latinidad. In this paper, I highlight the ways Afro-Latinxs respond to the dilution of Afro-Latinidad.

As agriculture industrializes, concentrated animal feeding operations (CAFOs) are becoming more common. Feces from CAFOs is often used as fertilizer on fields. However, little is known about the effects manure has on the soil microbiome, which is an important aspect of soil health and fertility. In addition, due to the subtherapeutic levels of antibiotics necessary to keep the animals healthy, CAFO manure has elevated levels of antibiotic resistant bacteria. Using 16s rRNA high-throughput sequencing and qPCR, this study sought to determine the impact of swine CAFO manure application on both the soil microbiome and abundance of select antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) and mobile element genes (erm(B), erm(C), sul1, str(B), intI1, IncW repA) in agricultural soil over the fall and spring seasons. We found the manure community to be distinct from the soil community, with a majority of bacteria belonging to Bacteroidetes and Firmicutes. The soil samples had more diverse communities dominated by Acidobacteria, Actinobacteria, Proteobacteria, Verrucomicrobia, and unclassified bacteria. We observed significant differences in the soil microbiome between all time points, except between the spring samples. However, by tracking manure associated taxa, we found the addition of the manure microbiome to be a minor driver of the shift. Of the measured genes, manure application only significantly increased the abundance of erm(B) and erm(C) which remained elevated in the spring. These results suggest bacteria in the manure do not survive well in soil and that ARG dynamics in soil following manure application vary by resistance gene.